What is Indigestion / Dyspepsia?
Indigestion, also known as upset stomach or dyspepsia, refers to a condition of impaired digestion. It is a medical condition characterized by chronic or recurrent pain in the upper abdomen, upper abdominal fullness and feeling full earlier than expected when eating It can be accompanied by bloating, belching, nausea, or heartburn. Dyspepsia is a common problem, and is frequently due to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or gastritis, but in a small minority may be the first symptom of peptic ulcer disease (an ulcer of the stomach or duodenum) and occasionally cancer. Hence, unexplained newly onset dyspepsia in people over 55 or the presence of other alarming symptoms may require further investigations.
Functional dyspepsia (previously called nonulcer dyspepsia) is dyspepsia "without evidence of an organic disease that is likely to explain the symptoms". Functional dyspepsia is estimated to affect about 15% of the general population in western countries.
Indigestion / Dyspepsia Causes:
Fast eating without chewing properly
- Heavy meals
- Consuming excess alcohol
- Peptic ulcer
- Stress and anxiety
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
- Changes in lifestyle
- Diseases that affect digestive organs
Indigestion / Dyspepsia Symptoms:
- Pain in belly
- Bloating of stomach
- Uncontrolled burping
- Acid regurgitation
Indigestion / Dyspepsia Prevention:
- Indigestion can be alleviated by consuming smaller frequent meals during the day instead of three large meals.
- Meals must also be low-fat and the food must be consumed slowly.
- Avoiding consumption of carbonated drinks, caffeinated beverages and alcohol also helps to ease indigestion and is one of the first steps towards indigestion cure. -Those who quit smoking often find a marked improvement in digestion.
- Medications that cause irritation to the lining of the stomach such anti-inflammatory medication must be stopped and necessary consultation with your doctor would be required.
- One should also improve one’s lifestyle by getting sufficient rest and sleep. Stress and anxiety must be alleviated through relaxation or yoga exercises.
Indigestion / Dyspepsia Home Remedies:
- Lemon: To prevent acid indigestion put some lemon juice or cider vinegar in a glass of water and drink it before the meal.
- Honey,Ginger and Lemon: Combine a teaspoon of lemon juice, a teaspoon of ginger juice and two teaspoons of honey. Mix well and consume for quick relief from indigestion. You can also add one tablespoon of lemon juice to a cup of warm water and consume before meals. This helps to prevent problems in digestion.
- Ice cubes: Indigestion can also be alleviated by gently rubbing a few ice cubes over the abdominal area.
- Baking soda and Water: Combine equal quantities of baking soda and water for instant relief from digestion related problems.
- Cumin seeds (Jeera):They are known to work well in treating indigestion. Add a teaspoon of cumin seeds to warm water and consume the mixture after straining. -Coriander (Dhania): Extract the juice from a teaspoon of coriander leaves, add some salt and drink twice daily. Coriander juice may also be added to fresh buttermilk to cure indigestion. -Aniseeds (Saunf): Many people also obtain relief from indigestion by eating half a teaspoon of aniseed. -Ginger: To avoid indigestion, sprinkle some salt on a piece of ginger and chew on it before meals.
- Cinnamon (Dalchini): Cinnamon water may also be consumed an hour after meals in order to ease indigestion.
- Mint (Pudina): Mint juice can be even be added to honey and lemon juice. This can be consumed daily after meals.
- Physical activity: To avoid indigestion, it is important to do some light physical activity such as taking a walk after meals. One must also never lie down or sleep immediately after a meal.